Unifi vlan best practices

Commercial Wifi systems have automatic power adjustment routines that estimate the optimum power levels for best handoff while avoiding co-channel interference.

You might choose to set your Wifi AP transmit power manually to get better control of your network. This can really help mobile users where devices try to hang on to the more distant Wifi AP instead of roaming. The exact Wifi AP transmit power level depends on the devices you prioritize. For mobile phones, Wifi AP transmit power in the dBm range is a good starting point. Increasing power increases download data bandwidth, but if it causes your phone to hang on too long, upload errors increase dramatically and you will experience bad two-way video connections.

This limits the ability of the device to pick the best AP. The only time I could think of using 40 MHz on 2. Michael Hirsch, Ph. About Blog Tags Categories.

unifi vlan best practices

Note that excessive AP density causes problems from too much channel reuse. Channel selection Maximize physical distance between co-channel APs. Only 1 of every 4 or 8 Wifi APs might have 2.

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Auto-channel Wifi APs will act based on what they can hear, which may be very different than what your clients can hear. High end professional systems from Cisco and Meraki do a better job than the average AP at guessing the right channel since they use more sophisticated measurement and analysis. Set the APs on lower floors and middle of the building to channels that are more in use in adjacent not controlled by you Wifi APs.

Set the APs in busier traffic areas to the clearest channels. Increased interference on 80 MHz or MHz in urban areas leads to ineffectiveness. Because of the difference between raw channel rate and throughput, even if you have a Mbps throughput connection to the AP such as via MoCA 2. For home entertainment or gaming systems the ultimate networking performance comes from either: having a 5 GHz AP in the same room having a wired Ethernet connection or MoCA or Powerline Ethernet.Baseline switching security is concerned with ensuring the availability of the Layer 2 switching network.

This section highlights the key steps to securing and preserving the switching infrastructure, including:. The tables highlight the technologies and features identified for baseline switching security and which are integrated in Network Security Baseline. By definition, LAN switches are responsible for forwarding unknown frames, multicast frames and broadcast frames throughout the LAN segment, forming a broadcast domain.

While broadcast domains facilitate Layer 2 connectivity between systems on a LAN segment, designing networks with unnecessarily large broadcast domains has potential drawbacks.

First, in large networks, the flooding of unknown, multicast and broadcast frames may degrade performance, even to the point of breaking connectivity.

In addition, a broadcast domain defines a failure domain, whereby typically all systems and switches on the same LAN segment suffer during a failure. Therefore, the larger the broadcast domain, the bigger the impact of a failure. Finally, larger broadcast domains increase the chances of security incidents.

To avoid the challenges described above, it is a good practice to segment broadcast domains into multiple IP subnets or VLANs using a hierarchical design. The use of hierarchical design principles provides the foundation for implementing scalable and reliable LANs.

This design uses a building block approach leveraging a high-speed routed core network layer to which are attached multiple independent distribution blocks. The distribution blocks comprise two layers of switches: the actual distribution nodes that act as aggregators, and wiring closet access switches.

The hierarchical design segregates the functions of the network into these separate building blocks to provide for availability, flexibility, scalability, and fault isolation.

A hierarchical design like the one proposed here helps restrict the size of broadcast domains, improving convergence, easing deployments, and reducing the scope of failure domains. This is done by isolating a VLAN to a single wiring closet or single switch.

In addition, L3 designs are not subject to the same bandwidth and cable plant constraints as L2 designs; and failures are typically confined to a neighbor or route loss, instead of impacting entire broadcast domains like in L2 designs. In cases where L3 to the edge is not viable, broadcast domains should still be restricted to have no loops, with no blocked links, and each access switch having its own, unique VLANs.

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STP provides path redundancy while preventing undesirable loops in networks consisting of multiple active paths. Loops occur when multiple active paths exist between hosts, and which could result in an endless loop of traffic in the LAN that could bring the network down.

STP implements an algorithm that guarantees a loop-free topology.The Internet of Things is a label that the computer industry, the media, and manufacturers have created to describe small devices that live on a network and provide a specific feature. The Internet of things stylised Internet of Things or IoT is the internetworking of physical devices, vehicles also referred to as "connected devices" and "smart devices"buildings and other items—embedded with electronics, software, sensors, actuators, and network connectivity that enable these objects to collect and exchange data.

What is micro-segmentation? This is a relatively new concept in security and is what I believe will be required in order to combat the threats we now face on the Internet and in our Enterprises.

Traditionally, if you were in Enterprise IT Security, you built a perimeter. The most common component of that perimeter was a Firewall. Things outside of the firewall were "bad", things inside the firewall were "good".

The firewall protected us from the bad things by blocking them from coming into our network. You placed a firewall on your inbound Internet connection to keep yourself secure from everything running "out there". Next, you had to connect to a vendor, partner, or customer, so you extended your firewall to protect yourself from them as well.

As your bandwidth to the Internet continued to increase, you eventually diversified and brought a connection into another site, which necessitated having another firewall, and a perimeter was born. It looks something like this:. The problem with Perimeter-style security is that you've made a fundamental assumption that things on the inside are "good" and things on the outside are "bad".

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This means that if something does get through the perimeter that all of a sudden it will be trusted to move around the inside network. That's a really bad assumption. The perimeter defense also has another major flaw, you have to open it, a lot. Every time there is a service that needs to flow into or out of your network, you have to add firewall rules to allow it, this is also known as "opening ports". Since the firewall is your primary perimeter defense, that means you're "poking holes" in that defense we actually use that phrase in IT, "poke a hole in the firewall".

Pretty soon your nice perimeter defense looks like this:. The more you poke holes in the firewall, the worse the perimeter defense looks.The objective of this article is to explain the concepts and steps for performing best practices and security tips when configuring VLANs on Cisco Business equipment.

Want to make your business network more efficient while keeping it secure? In a nutshell, hardware on the same VLANs enable traffic between equipment to be separate and more secure.

For example, you might have an Engineering, Marketing, and Accounting department. Each department has workers on different floors of the building, but they still need to access and communicate information within their own department. It is essential for sharing documents and web services.

VLAN Best Practices and Security Tips for Cisco Business Routers

VLANs need to be set up with best practices in order to keep your network secure. Make the following smart choices when setting up VLANs. Select Support and enter your model number or simply do a search for the Data Sheet and model number.

Access ports are often referred to as an untagged port, since there is only one VLAN on that port and traffic can be passed without tags. That is why both sides of a trunk need to make sure they have the same native VLAN or traffic will not go to the correct place.

Click Apply. Your options may appear slightly different. For example, on the RV34x series, the labels UntaggedExcludedand Tagged are abbreviated to just the first letter. The process is still the same.

Take a look at this example of various VLANs that are all on trunk ports. Click on the edit icon. Change them based on your needs, following the above recommendations. When the frame reaches the switch port incoming trafficthe switch will add the VLAN tag. This is done so that traffic that passes doesn't get sent to the wrong VLAN on that port. The VLANs are sharing that port. Similar to apartment numbers added to an address to make sure the mail goes to the correct apartment within that shared building.

The switch assigns any untagged frame that arrives on a tagged port to the native VLAN. This keeps the traffic on that trunk only for the VLANs the user specifically wants. It is considered a best practice. By default, this is also VLAN 1. A good security practice is to separate management and user data traffic.

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To communicate remotely with a Cisco switch for management purposes, the switch must have an IP address configured on the management VLAN. Users in other VLANs would not be able to establish remote access sessions to the switch unless they were routed into the management VLAN, providing an additional layer of security. Also, the switch should be configured to accept only encrypted SSH sessions for remote management. To read some discussions on this topic, click on the following links on the Cisco Community website:.

The main reason is that hostile actors know VLAN 1 is the default and often used. What can I do? Choose any random number for the VLAN. This keeps the other VLANs more secure.

unifi vlan best practices

This should be done with all unused LAN ports. Step 2. Click on the Apply button to save the configuration changes you have made.Ubiquiti was the best option for the WiFi so now I am trying to find out the best practice for the deployment. Each AP won't have to handle more than 40 Users so I guess we will not face any problem with that. Is there any advantages with Linux server?

The switches will run the APs fine, not need for the USG unless you need lots of metrics on the users. If you need the Pro depends on your number of users. At maybe users guessing based on your numbers above I'd get the Pro.

After running a controller on multiple systems, I would say go for Ubuntu. It's fairly easy to setup and even easy to get a SSL cert from Letsencrypt installed or a regular one from another vendor. You should not need an injector with the pro line. You do with the standard line. USG is not required at all. As far as the controller, it can go anywhere you want.

I've thrown it on an owners workstation on a small company that didn't have a server for it to go on. They weren't doing guest portals or anything that would require the controller to even be running after initial setup.

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I've always run it on Windows because that's typically what's been available at the sites I've deployed it in. If no server is available and you need the controller running all the time, you could also look at the cloud key. USG is not needed for them to be setup.

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Ubiquiti Unifi software is the only software you will need. I've done Unifi on a Raspberry Pi at home. I would not do it at the office.

Cisco Networking Academy's Introduction to VLANs

It's a really easy setup on Ubuntu if you don't want to go Windows. I also have a USG at the house. You don't need it to run the APs. And frankly, you only need the Unifi server for the initial setup, and making changes. It's nice to have there for monitoring, but if it crashes or anything, your APs will still keep chugging along without it. You should should be fine without PoE injectors, but every Ubiquiti AP I've ever bought came with them anyway, so even of you do need them, you will have them.

If you're already monitoring the network, I don't see a whole lot of reason to introduce a USG.

The 4 Best Practices for WiFi Network Security – JumpCloud

I prefer to set up and run the controller in Ubuntu server as mentioned above. It's super easy to do and fairly painless to update. Was kind of a bear getting the first external SSL cert imported into it, but it's not strictly necessary to even do anyway. The newer LRs are actually capable of running on 48v or the older 24v Ubnt standard as well. I think they're stealthily changing it over so they conform with the rest of the industry.

There's also the Cloud key if you want a more appliance approach. Make sure it's on a UPS. With installing the controller on a "normal" operating system even Linux there have been cases where the OS vendor updates screwed up the controller. As I recall Java and MongoDB were the components that got out of synch with what the controller was expecting.

I run mine off an Ubuntu Server You get a lot of reporting from the controller software, I'd say try it out before you buy the USG, you can turn on syslog for the individual APs and that may be all you need.I would like to know what are the best practices which you usually implement in the Meraki world.

Could you please share some insights? I am basically planning to use a random number for the native VLAN in a new environment which is going to be deployed in some days. Go to Solution. There are some exceptions for certain network architectures, even so, they are usually very limited in scope. For example, at the moment we have a Meraki network within a third party network.

View solution in original post. I mean you can choose a random native VLAN and still go about doing everything else as you see fit. All you have to remember is that your native VLAN will not be 1. With Cisco Enterprise kit the management plane is used to intiate connections into the device and control it.

It can often bve unecrypted using telnet and SNMP v1 or v2c. Also anyone having dirtect access can attempt a DOS attack and prevent you getting into your own kit. Meraki kit uses an encrypted outbound stream to the Meraki cloud. So I don't personally bother with a seperate management network. You can also disable the Meraki local status page to further protection.

If this is of a concern you should use a different native VLAN on trunk ports between switches. For safety, this should be a VLAN not in use in the network. You want every valid VLAN to be tagged between switches. Register or Sign in. Turn on suggestions. Auto-suggest helps you quickly narrow down your search results by suggesting possible matches as you type.

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Setup IoT VLANs and Firewall Rules with UniFi. ULTIMATE (Smart) Home Network Part Three

Did you mean:. Go to solution.Learn more. Rajat Bhargava. The move to WiFi networks had a profound impact on IT organizations and end users alike. From that shift, many additional benefits became apparent. There were increases in agility, productivity, and morale. Users were no longer forced into working from their desk or conference rooms where network drops resided. But, WiFi has always presented a security risk. So, this post aims to provide the best practices for WiFi security.

Many IT admins will counter that key servers and applications are moving to the cloudso there is nothing of value on the wireless network.

Cisco Networking Academy's Introduction to VLANs

This sentiment belies a simple truth. Even with key applications and pieces of infrastructure moving to the cloud, the system is still the gateway to the IT resources your users utilize daily.

For that reason and more, we will now provide you with some best practices. For years now, a lax approach to WiFi security has been the norm. But, with modern innovations and knowledge, there is no longer any reason not to employ the best practices in WiFi security. With that in mind, here are the key steps to significantly step up your WiFi security.

Sounds simple enough, but organizations make their networks known to attackers all the time. And, when the organization is in a densely populated area, that just increases the chances of getting hacked even more. Even with an innocuous SSID, hackers can, and probably will, keep looking for your WiFi network—and they just may find it. But, having an innocuous name does add to the level of difficulty that an attacker would have to overcome in order to break into the network.

You should not allow any guests onto your private corporate network. It is easy to create a separate network for your guests in your wireless access points WAPs and then provide them a passphrase when they visit your office.

unifi vlan best practices

In a best-case scenario, you would have a system that generates unique access for them. Ultimately, that is really more of a bonus than an outright requirement. This is how wired networks function, and it has been highly successful from a security standpoint. That unique access should carry over to the WiFi network. The reason that organizations have stopped short of this approach is due to the level of effort.

Many organizations have neither of these solutions and very little, if any, time to implement them. With modern SaaS-based solutions, both directory services and RADIUS can be delivered as-a-service, thereby relieving IT from the heavy lifting of installation, configuration, and management.

IT organizations get a network that only the right people can access. Provided you have compatible WAPs, when you leverage the correct DaaS platform you can segment your network so that only people assigned to specific network segments can access those segments. When you utilize a network that has not been segmented, all users are on the same network.

That means marketing, finance, and engineering each share the same network space.


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