Wpf window close event

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How can I catch the event of the window close button red X button on window right top corner in a WPF form?

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We have got the closing event, window unloaded event also, but we want to show a pop up if he clicks the close button of the WPF form. Use the Closing event in the Window, you can handle it like this to prevent it from closing:. Have a flag to identify if Close method is called from other than X icon button.

If false, the app is trying to close itself through other than X icon button. If true, it means X icon button is clicked for closing this app. Learn more. How to catch the event of the window close button red X button on window right top corner in wpf form?

Ask Question. Asked 8 years, 2 months ago. Active 1 month ago. Viewed 65k times. HotTester HotTester 4, 14 14 gold badges 54 54 silver badges 93 93 bronze badges. So what happened if you did something in the Closing event, Did you try anything? Active Oldest Votes. Natxo Natxo 2, 1 1 gold badge 20 20 silver badges 35 35 bronze badges.

Do remember though, that this event also fires when you call this. Close from the code behind. Vojtana Vojtana 31 1 1 bronze badge.

Jemt tinhwa Jemt tinhwa 23 6 6 bronze badges. In VB. Object, ByVal e As System. CreateParams myCp. JA12 JA12 61 3 3 silver badges 12 12 bronze badges. Show msg, "Warning", MessageBoxButton.

Handling a Window's Closed and Closing events in the View-Model

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The dark mode beta is finally here. Change your preferences any time. Stack Overflow for Teams is a private, secure spot for you and your coworkers to find and share information. I know how to do this in the code-behind : subscribe to the "Closing" event of the window then use the "CancelEventArgs. Cancel" property. With an associated RelayCommand in my ViewModel but it doesn't work the command's code is not executed.

In this case, you gain exactly nothing except complexity by using a more elaborate pattern with more indirection 5 extra lines of XML plus command pattern. The "zero code-behind" mantra is not the goal in itself, the point is to decouple ViewModel from the View.

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Even when the event is bound in code-behind of the View, the ViewModel does not depend on the View and the closing logic can be unit-tested. This option is even easier, and maybe is suitable for you. In your View Model constructor, you can subscribe the Main Window closing event like this:. In the Window I add the Closing event. This code behind doesn't break the MVVM pattern. The View can know about the viewmodel!

Geez, seems like a lot of code going on here for this. Stas above had the right approach for minimal effort.

wpf window close event

RequestShutdown looks something like the following but basicallyRequestShutdown or whatever it is named decides whether to shutdown the application or not which will merrily close the window anyway :.

I would be tempted to use an event handler within your App.

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Basically, window event may not be assigned to MVVM. You may keep the OnClosing event handler, where you call the Model. CanExecute and set the boolean result in the event property. We use AttachedCommandBehavior for this. You can attach any event to a command on your view model avoiding any code behind. CancelBeforeClose checks the current state of view model and returns true if closing should be stopped. Learn more. Asked 9 years, 7 months ago.

MVVM Session 02 - Multiple Views and ViewModels

Active 8 months ago. Viewed k times. I think the good approach would be to bind the Closing event to a Command in my ViewModel. Olivier Payen. Olivier Payen Olivier Payen Also interested in nice answer to answer to this. I downloaded the code from codeplex and debugging it revealed: "Unable to cast object of type 'System.But sorry to admit that there is no direct support for detecting the window close event of browser or perhaps browser's tab in HTML or JavaScript.

Not all the codes work fine, or we can say that not all code works in all conditions. Using onunload is pretty straight; just subscribe the JavaScript event. On the other hand, " onbeforeunload " works okay on both Internet Explorer and Firefox, so using " onbeforeunload " is safe. Let's look at a straight example how this is accomplished.

As you can see, this approach is pretty straight and is supposed to work. But it doesn't work always, in fact it doesn't work at all! Well these two events fire each and every time on these operations. There could be more cases that I haven't encountered yet or failed to mention, but these are the most renowned cases.

As you can see that the first three cases happens very frequently, so this technique does not work.

Window Close Event of Browser

Yet there are other solutions for overcoming the problem. There is a forum discussion on that here. You can find more discussion if you Google it.

wpf window close event

If we handled the case of postback, navigate and refresh, "close event" detect will be fulfilled. So we are going to use some old fashioned technique to handle that.

And that's why we will trap the mouse down event. We will mark any kind of mouse down on link, button, and any element so that when post back or navigate we can detect that, it's happening because of user interaction on page. So if our window close event fires, it happens definitely because of closing the browser or closing the tab.

Below is a simple code snippet that is given to demonstrate the idea. For example if the user kills the browser's process from task manager, there could be many more cases. Yet in a lot of cases, this technique can be handy. Best of luck and happy programming.Occurs directly after Close is called, and can be handled to cancel window closure. Visibility is set, or ShowShowDialogor Close is called while a window is closing. The following example demonstrates a Window that determines whether it needs user intervention to close.

Closing can be handled to detect when a window is being closed for example, when Close is called. Furthermore, Closing can be used to prevent a window from closing. To prevent a window from closing, you can set the Cancel property of the CancelEventArgs argument to true.

wpf window close event

If an owned window was opened by its owner window using Showand the owner window is closed, the owned window's Closing event is not raised. If the owner of a window is closed see OwnerClosing is not raised on the owned window. If Shutdown is called, the Closing event for each window is raised.

However, if Closing is canceled, cancellation is ignored. If a session ends because a user logs off or shuts down, Closing is not raised; handle SessionEnding to implement code that cancels application closure. If you want to show and hide a window multiple times during the lifetime of an application, and you don't want to reinstantiate the window each time you show it, you can handle the Closing event, cancel it, and call the Hide method.

Then, you can call Show on the same instance to reopen it. Skip to main content. Exit focus mode. Closing Event Definition Namespace: System. Windows Assembly: PresentationFramework. Is this page helpful? Yes No. Any additional feedback? Skip Submit.This article was inspired by Reed Copsey, Jr. While similar in concept to the Blend behavior, I've slightly deviated from how the concept is implemented and also in how it's used.

So this is not a direct 1-to-1 replacement though you should be able to get things working pretty much the same without too much effort.

The code idea is to allow a Window's Closed and Closing events to be handled via commands in the View-Model, and to get this going I wrote an attached behavior for the Window object. Here's an example of how you'd implement these commands in the View-Model. Notice how the example has MessageBox. Show calls in them, these are merely used to demonstrate how this works.

wpf window close event

Here's the code listing for the attached behavior. This listing has been reformatted to fit within pixels. I have highlighted the relevant portions in the code above. For the Closed event, we just execute any command if available since it's too late to worry about cancelling.

For the Closing event, the CanExecute of the Closing command is used to determine if we are cancelling or not.

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If we are not cancelling, we execute the Closing command, else we execute a CancelClosing command if one is available.By using our site, you acknowledge that you have read and understand our Cookie PolicyPrivacy Policyand our Terms of Service.

The dark mode beta is finally here. Change your preferences any time. Stack Overflow for Teams is a private, secure spot for you and your coworkers to find and share information. My expectation was that the Loaded event would occur before the window is actually displayed. However, looking at the Window Lifetime Eventsit shows that the Loaded event occurs after Activated event. I put some initialization code in the Loaded event and there is a delay after the window is displayed and before my content appears.

So what is the best event handler to use for window initialization that should occur before the window is displayed? As documented in this codeproject article:. This is the first lifetime event of Application to get fired. This is fired when Application. Run is called on the main window. But before the main window is shown. Please note that Application. Run is abstracted from the user. This is the first lifetime event of window to get fired. This is an ordinary.

Net event and not a routed event. When this event is fired at window level it means all its nested child controls are also already initialized. So child controls will fire their Initialized event followed by parent control and finally by Window.

This occurs once the window is instantiated. This event is at the level of base class FrameworkElement. Note that Styles and databinding will not be applied at this level. Called every time when this app's window comes foreground and also the first time app's window is rendered. Please note that only after this event window's Activated event will be fired which actually makes sense. Equivalent to GotFocus of a control. Called every time when window comes foreground and also the first time window is rendered.

Only after this event window loaded event is fired. Your entire window is ready. Last stop before rendering. All animation, styles and databinding will be ready here. Any visual tweaks needs to be done here.The primary purpose of a window is to host content that visualizes data and enables users to interact with data.

Standalone WPF applications provide their own windows by using the Window class. This topic introduces Window before covering the fundamentals of creating and managing windows in standalone applications. Instead, they are hosted in windows provided by Windows Internet Explorer.

The non-client area of a window is implemented by WPF and includes the parts of a window that are common to most windows, including the following:. A System menu with menu items that allow users to minimize, maximize, restore, move, resize, and close a window.

The client area of a window is the area within a window's non-client area and is used by developers to add application-specific content, such as menu bars, tool bars, and controls.

In WPF, a window is encapsulated by the Window class that you use to do the following:. The implementation of a typical window comprises both appearance and behavior, where appearance defines how a window looks to users and behavior defines the way a window functions as users interact with it.

In general, however, the appearance of a window is implemented using XAML markup, and its behavior is implemented using code-behind, as shown in the following example. In markup, the Window element must include the x:Class attribute. When the application is built, the existence of x:Class in the markup file causes Microsoft build engine MSBuild to create a partial class that derives from Window and has the name that is specified by the x:Class attribute.

The generated partial class implements the InitializeComponent method, which is called to register the events and set the properties that are implemented in markup. In code-behind, the class must be a partial class with the same name that is specified by the x:Class attribute in markup, and it must derive from Window. This allows the code-behind file to be associated with the partial class that is generated for the markup file when the application is built see Building a WPF Application. In code-behind, the Window class must implement a constructor that calls the InitializeComponent method.

InitializeComponent is implemented by the markup file's generated partial class to register events and set properties that are defined in markup. When you add a new Window to your project by using Visual Studio, the Window is implemented using both markup and code-behind, and includes the necessary configuration to create the association between the markup and code-behind files as described here.

With this configuration in place, you can focus on defining the appearance of the window in XAML markup and implementing its behavior in code-behind. The following example shows a window with a button, implemented in XAML markup, and an event handler for the button's Click event, implemented in code-behind.

How you implement your window determines how it is configured for MSBuild. For a window that is defined using both XAML markup and code-behind:. As with any class, a window has a lifetime that begins when it is first instantiated, after which it is opened, activated and deactivated, and eventually closed.

To open a window, you first create an instance of it, which is demonstrated in the following example. In this example, the MarkupAndCodeBehindWindow is instantiated when the application starts, which occurs when the Startup event is raised. When a window is instantiated, a reference to it is automatically added to a list of windows that is managed by the Application object see Application.

Additionally, the first window to be instantiated is, by default, set by Application as the main application window see Application. The window is finally opened by calling the Show method; the result is shown in the following figure.

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A window that is opened by calling Show is a modeless window, which means that the application operates in a mode that allows users to activate other windows in the same application. ShowDialog is called to open windows such as dialog boxes modally. See Dialog Boxes Overview for more information. When Show is called, a window performs initialization work before it is shown to establish infrastructure that allows it to receive user input.

When the window is initialized, the SourceInitialized event is raised and the window is shown. As a shortcut, StartupUri can be set to specify the first window that is opened automatically when an application starts. When the application starts, the window specified by the value of StartupUri is opened modelessly; internally, the window is opened by calling its Show method.

A window that is opened by using the Show method does not have an implicit relationship with the window that created it; users can interact with either window independently of the other, which means that either window can do the following:. Cover the other unless one of the windows has its Topmost property set to true.


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